Ancient history

After Julius Caesar's death in 44 B.C., Rome endured a civil war which was won by Caesar's grand-nephew Octavius.  He ruled the Roman Empire for more than forty years under what name?

The legal concept of 'an eye for an eye' is found in the ancient code of this Babylonian king.  Who was he?

This seafaring ancient civilization, based primarily on the Aegean island of Crete, existed from roughly 2500 B.C. to 1450 B.C.  Remnants of this civilization were discovered in and around Knossos by British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans around the year 1900.

This conflict between Sparta and Athens occurred between 431 B.C. and 404 B.C., and resulted in Athens being ruled by the 'Thirty Tyrants'.

The abbreviation "SPQR" had special significance in ancient Rome, and is even used in modern Rome.  What phrase did SPQR represent?

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